1 work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons; "the duties of the job"
2 the social force that binds you to your obligations and the courses of action demanded by that force; "we must instill a sense of duty in our children"; "every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr [syn: responsibility, obligation]
3 a government tax on imports or exports; "they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries" [syn: tariff]
- Rhymes: -uːti
- That which one is morally or legally obligated to do.
- England expects that every man will do his duty. (Nelson)
- She felt it was her bounten duty to tell the police about the incident.
- England expects that every man will do his duty. (Nelson)
- A period of time spent
at work or doing a particular task.
- I’m on duty from 6 pm to 6 am.
- describing a workload as to its idle, working and de-energized periods.
- A tax placed on imports or exports; a tariff.
- duty-free (taxes)
that which one is morally or legally obligated to do
- Arabic: واجب
- Catalan: obligació
- Czech: povinnost
- Dutch: plicht
- Esperanto: devo
- Finnish: velvollisuus
- French: devoir
- German: Pflicht
- Italian: dovere
- Japanese: 義務(ぎむ, gimu)
- Malayalam: കടമ
- Polish: obowiązek
- Portuguese: dever, obrigação
- Russian: долг, обязанность
- Slovene: dolžnost
- Spanish: deber, obligación
- Swahili: zamu
period of time
this duty in ethics Duty (from "due," that which is owing, O. Fr. deu, did, past participle of devoir; Lat. debere, debitum; cf. "debt") is a term that conveys a sense of moral commitment to someone or something. The moral commitment is the sort that results in action, and it is not a matter of passive feeling or mere recognition. When someone recognizes a duty, that person commits himself/herself to the cause involved without considering the self-interested courses of actions that may have been relevant previously. This is not to suggest that living a life of duty precludes one from the best sort of life, but duty does involve some sacrifice of immediate self-interest.
Cicero is an early philosopher who acknowledged this possibility. He discusses duty in his work “On Duty." He suggests that duties can come from four different sources:
- It is a result of being human
- It is a result of one's particular place in life (your family, your country, your job)
- It is a result of one's personality
- One's own moral expectations for yourself can generate duties
But it seems that one can be compelled to live up to a duty. That is not always the case. In the case of mandatory child support, a parent is being put in such a position.
From the root idea of obligation to serve or give something in return, involved in the conception of duty, have sprung various derivative uses of the word; thus it is used of the services performed by a minister of a church, by a soldier, or by any employee or servant.
A special application is to a tax, a payment due to the revenue of a state, levied by force of law. Properly a "duty" differs from a "tax" in being levied on specific commodities, transactions, estates, &c., and not on individuals; thus it is right to talk of import-duties, excise-duties, death or succession-duties and etc., but of income tax as being levied on a person in proportion to his income.
Many schools of thought have debated the idea of duty. While many assert mankind's duty on their own terms, some philosophers have absolutely rejected a sense of duty.
duty in Czech: Povinnost
duty in Danish: Pligt
duty in German: Pflicht
duty in French: Devoir
duty in Japanese: 義務
duty in Norwegian: Plikt
duty in Russian: Долг (философия)
duty in Swedish: Plikt
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